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Russian alphabet

The modern Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters. The alphabet in its current representation has existed since 1942. In fact, the year 1918 can be considered the year of the formation of the modern Russian alphabet - then it consisted of 32 letters (without the letter ё). The origin of the alphabet, according to historical documents, is associated with the names Cyril and Methodius and dates back to the 9th century AD. From the moment of its origin to 1918, the alphabet has repeatedly changed, including and excluding signs. At one time, it totaled more than 40 letters.

Russian alphabet

Russian alphabet, a set of letters in the prescribed sequence that creates the written and printed form of the national Russian language. It includes 33 letters: «а», «б», «в», «г», «д», «е», «ё», «ж», «з», «и», «й», «к», «л», «м», «н», «о», «п», «р», «с», «т», «у», «ф», «х», «ц», «ч», «ш», «щ», «ъ», «ы», «ь», «э», «ю», «я».

All letters (except «ъ», «ы», «ь») are used in two versions - uppercase letters and lowercase letters. In printed form, the variants of most letters are graphically identical (they differ only in size, for example, «Г» – «г», «О» – «о», «У» – «у»; ср., од­на­ко, «Б» и «б»), in writing in many cases, the spelling of uppercase and lowercase letters differ from each other.

Number of russian letters

 

How many letters are in the Russian alphabet?

 
  • There are 33 letters (russian characters) in the Russian alphabet.

Vowels and consonants russian letters

 

How many vowels and consonants are in the Russian alphabet?

 
  • 10 vowels + 21 consonants + 2 do not mean sound

Among the letters of the Russian alphabet there are:

  • 10 vowels: а, о, у, ы, э, я, е, ё, ю, и;
  • 21 consonant: б, в, г, д, й, ж, з, к, л, м, н, п, р, с, т, ф, х, ц, ч, ш, щ;
  • 2 letters that do not mean sounds: ь, ъ
  • The letter means sound. Compare: «ka», «el'» - the names of letters, [k], [l] - sounds.

    Uppercase and lowercase

    Which letters are uppercase and which are lowercase?

    Letters are uppercase (or uppercase) and lowercase:

    • A, B, C ... U, U, Z - uppercase letters,
    • a, b, c ... uh, u, i - lowercase letters.

    Sometimes they say: capital and small letters. But this wording is incorrect, as it means the size of the letter, and not its shape.

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Grid List

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8 Item(s)

Russian letters

Type Russian letters

Буква / letters Название / name of the letter Звук / sounds
А а [а]
Б бэ [б]
В вэ [в]
Г гэ [г]
Д дэ [д]
Е е [э] в ударной позиции или [и] в безударной
Ё ё [о] или [й'о] для йотированной
Ж жэ [ж]
З зэ [з]
И и [и]
Й и краткое [й'] (всегда мягкий)
К ка [к]
Л эл или эль [л]
М эм [м]
Н эн [н]
О о [о] в ударной позиции или [а] в безударной
П пэ [п]
Р эр [р]
С эс [с]
Т тэ [т]
У у [у]
Ф эф [ф]
Х ха [х]
Ц це [ц]
Ч че [ч'] (всегда мягкий)
Ш ша [ш]
Щ ща [щ'] (всегда мягкий)
Ъ твёрдый знак -
Ы ы [ы]
Ь мягкий знак -
Э э обратное [э]
Ю ю [у] или [й'у] для йотированной
Я я [а] или [й'а] для йотированной


Cyrillic alphabet

The Russian alphabet uses the Cyrillic script. Let the child to play and to learn the letters at the same time. Our russian toys make learn russian for kids easy and fun and children will enjoy learning Russian.

How to learn Russian alphabet

A bilingual child is the dream of many parents. Do you think your children need Russian?

Save the Russian language in a child living in America - the task of parents. This is only possible for those who are actively engaged in the intellectual development of children in their native language. How to learn russian letters?

  • communicate at home as much as possible, cover more complex topics
  • try to interest the child in Russian literature and Russian movies
  • to read and write in Russian, start by learning the Russian alphabet

We have collected the best textbooks on the Russian language and textbooks with the Russian alphabet for children. As well as games and toys to make learning Russian a fun and interesting experience. To learn the Russian alphabet in the game will help tablets, posters and educational books.

How easy is it to learn Russian alphabet?

In the shop "Colibri" you will always find primers, electronic alphabets, as well as words that will help your child learn to write russian letters and learn the Russian alphabet.

Russian is one of the most difficult languages ​​in the world. However, using our website, you will find the material you need and easily learn this language.

The Russian Alphabet
Russian CharacterEnglish EquivalentSoundLetter Name in Russian
А аА аLike "a" in car"ah"
Б бB bLike "b" in bat"beh"
В вV vLike "v" in van"veh"
Г гG gLike "g" in go"geh"
Д дD dLike "d" in dog"deh"
Е еYE yeLike "ye" in yet"yeh"
Ё ёYO yoLike "yo" in yonder"yo"
Ж жZh zhLike "s" in measure or pleasure
or like "g" in beige (the colour)
"zheh"
З зZ zLike "z" in zoo"zeh"
И иEE eeLike "ee" in see"ee"
Й йI i or Y ylike "y" in boy or toy"ee kratkoyeh"
К кK kLike "k" in kitten, "c" in cat. "kah"
Л лL lLike "l" in light"ehl"
М мM mLike "m" in mat"ehm"
Н нN nLike "n" in no"ehn"
О оStressed: O o
Unstressed: A a
Like "o" in bore
Like "a" in car
"oh"
П пP pLike "p" in pot"peh"
Р рR rLike "r" in run (rolled)"ehr"
С сS sLike "s" in sam"ehs"
Т тT tLike "t" in tap"teh"
У уU uLike "oo" in boot"oo"
Ф фF fLike "f" in fat"ehf"
Х хH h, KH khLike "h" in hello or like
the "ch" in Scottish 'loch' or German 'Bach'
"khah"
Ц цTS tsLike "ts" in bits"tseh"
Ч чCH chLike "ch" in chip"cheh"
Ш шSH sh (hard)Like "sh" in shut"shah"
Щ щSH sh (soft)Like "sh" in sheep"schyah"
Ъ ъHard SignLetter before is hard"tvyordiy znahk"
Ы ыI iLike "i" in ill"i"
Ь ьSoft SignLetter before is soft"myagkeey znahk"
Э эE eLike "e" in pet"eh"
Ю юYU yuLike "u" in use or university "yoo"
Я яYA yaLike "ya" in yard."yah"

Russian alphabet pdf

Russian alphabet pdf
Russian alphabet
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